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What To Know About Student Loan On Taxes In 2024

Written by: Jody Adams
Last updated: January 31, 2024

It’s tax season once again, and you’re probably looking for a way to reduce your taxable income. Student loans cost you money to repay, but they can also be a source of tax relief. The impact of student loan on taxes isn’t negative. In fact, they can help you save money.

The amount you pay for your federal student loans or private student loans qualifies you for tax credits that will help you save on taxes. It’s important to understand how student loan affects taxes, and this article will guide you on what you need to know to claim your tax breaks. 

Explanation Of Student Loans And Taxes

When it comes to student loans and taxes, there are a few key things to keep in mind. First, interest paid on student loans is tax deductible. If you paid interest on your student loans during the tax year, you might be able to deduct up to $2,500 of that interest from your taxable income. 

This deduction is known as the student loan interest deduction, and it is an above-the-line deduction, which means you can claim it even if you do not itemize your deductions.

To get this deduction, you must meet the following criteria:

  • Took out a qualifying student loan
  • Be legally obligated to pay the student loan interest
  • You’re not a dependent on someone else’s tax return
  • Your MAGI (modified adjusted gross income) is under the maximum income threshold of $85,000 (or $170,000 if filing jointly with a married spouse)

Your MAGI determines the amount of tax credit you can take. If it’s below the income threshold, you get the full amount. If it’s within the threshold, you get a reduced amount. But if it’s above the income limits, you won’t be allowed any tax deductions. 

If your student loans are forgiven, you may have to pay taxes on the forgiven amount. This is because forgiven debt is generally considered taxable income. However, this rule has some exceptions, such as if your loans are forgiven under certain public service programs or if you can prove insolvency.

Since the US Department of Education has allowed most borrowers to temporarily pause their student loan payments beginning March 2020, there’s a chance that you may not be able to claim any tax credits if you participated in this program. That’s because the main condition for getting a tax-deductible due to student loans is the amount of payment you made towards the loan. 

It’s best to always consult with a professional tax advisor to ensure you take advantage of tax breaks available to you and avoid any penalties resulting from ignorance. 

Why Understanding Student Loans On Taxes Matters

Understanding student loans on taxes matters because they can affect your tax liability and potential refunds. Filing taxes is often tedious and boring, with all the rules and forms you must follow and accomplish. 

However, if you’re paying interest on student loans, paying attention to the rules around tax deductions can help you save a lot on your tax bill. 

Knowing the rules governing taxable income due to student loan forgiveness will also help you avoid any untoward penalties and ensure you abide by tax regulations at all times. 

Importance Of Knowing The Tax Implications Of Student Loans

Knowing the tax implications of student loans is important for several reasons, including:

  1. Avoiding unexpected tax bills: Understanding the tax implications of student loans can help you avoid unexpected tax bills. For example, if you receive loan forgiveness or discharge, you may be required to report the amount as taxable income, which could result in a significant tax bill if you're not prepared.
  2. Maximizing tax benefits: Understanding the tax implications of student loans can help you maximize tax benefits. For example, you may be able to deduct student loan interest paid on your federal income tax return. Knowing this can help you reduce your taxable income and potentially increase your tax refund.
  3. Making informed financial decisions: Understanding the tax implications of student loans can help you make informed financial decisions. For example, if you're considering consolidating your student loans, you may want to weigh the potential tax benefits of doing so against other factors, such as interest rates and repayment terms.
  4. Planning for the future: Knowing the tax implications of student loans can help you plan for the future. For example, if you're considering going back to school, understanding the tax implications of student loans can help you anticipate the potential tax benefits or liabilities that may arise.

Overall, knowing the tax implications of student loans can help you make informed financial decisions, avoid unexpected tax bills, and maximize tax benefits. It's a good idea to consult with a tax professional or use tax preparation software to ensure that you take advantage of all available deductions and credits related to your student loans.

Federal Student Loans

All student loans, not just federal student loans, are qualified to take a deduction for interest paid. This covers loans that you, your spouse, or a dependent took. There are also tax credits available for higher education expenses, where you can claim up to $2,500 per student annually for the first four years of college. 

While most student loan forgiveness programs are taxable, this provision is currently waived. Currently, federal student loan forgiveness, cancellation, and discharge are not taxable due to the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021. This federal law exempts student loan forgiveness of the following federal student loans from becoming taxable. 

Typically, if you receive any loan forgiveness, cancellation, or discharge, you’re liable to pay taxes on the forgiven amount. But the government understands the hardships most students face and is making all forgiven federal student loans nontaxable until 2025. 

These include the following programs:

  • Public Service Loan Forgiveness
  • Income-Driven Repayment
  • Borrower Defense to Repayment
  • President Biden’s one-time student loan debt relief

However, only federal taxes are exempted. State income taxes are not, and you need to check with your local state if there’s a similar initiative. Some states will have one, but it’s not guaranteed, so always check with your local government. 

Finally, note that defaulted loans may lead the federal government to seize any federal tax refund you expect. The Treasury Office will offset any tax refund towards your delinquent debts unless you can prove some special circumstances, such as a collection error, that caused you to be delinquent.  

How Federal Student Loans Affect Taxes

Federal student loans can impact your taxes in a few different ways. 

  1. Student loan interest deduction: As mentioned earlier, you may be able to deduct up to $2,500 of the interest paid on your federal student loans from your taxable income. This deduction can help lower your overall tax bill.
  2. Taxable loan forgiveness: If your federal student loans are forgiven, the amount forgiven may be considered taxable income. This means you could owe taxes on the amount forgiven, potentially resulting in a higher tax bill. However, as mentioned, this is on pause until 2025. All forgiven student loans until that year are considered non-taxable. 
  3. Income-driven repayment plans: If you are enrolled in an income-driven repayment plan, your monthly payments may be adjusted based on your income. As your income changes, your monthly payment amount may also change, which could affect your taxable income.
  4. Education tax credits: If you are currently in school and paying for tuition and other qualified expenses with federal student loans, you may be eligible for education tax credits like the American Opportunity Tax Credit or the Lifetime Learning Credit. These credits can help lower your overall tax bill.

It's important to keep track of any student loan interest you paid during the year, as well as any other education-related expenses you incurred so that you can accurately report them on your tax return.

Worried about student loans taking your tax refund? Visit our article to learn more.

Impact Of Federal Student Loan Payments On Taxable Income

Paying your federal student loan has a huge impact on your taxable income. You can get as much as a $2,500 tax credit for the student loan interest you’ve paid for the previous year, and you don’t need to itemize any deductions on your tax return to support this. 

This is a welcome respite, especially with the amount of student debt many students currently face. However, there are still rules surrounding this tax deduction, and you need to be aware of those before assuming you’re automatically qualified to take this tax break. 

Ultimately, understanding these tax laws will help you save money and pay off your loans faster. 

Frequently Asked Questions:

Is the interest paid on student loans tax-deductible in 2024?

Yes, as of 2024, the interest paid on qualifying student loans is still tax-deductible, subject to certain income limits.

What happens if my student loans are forgiven in 2024?

Generally, student loan forgiveness is considered taxable income, but specific programs may have different tax implications.

Can I claim education tax credits if I'm still repaying student loans in 2024?

Yes, if you're paying qualified education expenses, you may be eligible for education tax credits, such as the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC) or the Lifetime Learning Credit (LLC), even while repaying student loans.

If you need help about loan repayment options, check out our article about student loan repayment options to know more.

Are you drowning in student loans? Learn about government grants that can help you pay student loans in this blog. 

Jody Adams
Jody Adams is an accomplished editor-in-chief with a deep understanding of social care and government benefits issues. With a background in journalism and a master's degree in Public Policy, Jody has spent her career shaping the narrative around social policies and their impact on society. She has worked with renowned publications, effectively bridging the gap between complex policy analysis and public understanding. Jody's editorial expertise ensures that vital information on social care and government benefits reaches a broad audience, empowering individuals to make informed decisions.
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